Arab experiences of transitional justice have been limited. These were rung in 2004 in Morocco; but the need for Arab approaches to transitional justice has increased sharply since the popular revolutions of the Arab Spring, beginning in 2011. Since that time, Tunisia has pioneered post-revolutionary transitional phases; added to this was the short-lived experience of Libya during the rule of the Libyan National Council. While a “Ministry for Transitional Justice” was formed in Yemen following the revolution there, the descent into a civil war has ended the operation of that institution and put its mission on hold. Elsewhere, in Lebanon, in Syria, in Iraq, in Algeria and in Egypt, political elites have entered into animated debates on the best legal and political mechanisms for transitional justice in their countries with their heavy legacies of human rights violations as a result of internal conflict.
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